Design Glossary; Some of the Terminology used throughout the Web, Print and Digital media Industries.

 

Webdesign Glossary

  • Blog
    Online diary or news page for commercial and private use.
  • CSS - Cascading Style Sheets
    An efficient and useable back-end scripting language to allow quick style & design changes en-mass, without having to amend each webpage individually.
  • Domain Names
    Taking "www.Live-Media.co.uk" as the example, "Live-Media" is the Domain name.
  • E-Commerce - Online Shopping
    Electronic transactions over the internet through Online Shopping Carts. These use Merchant Gateways such as PayPal to process payments securely & safely.
  • Flash - Animated Vector/Video Files
    Created by Macromedia, Flash elements inside a webpage can add animations, video streaming, sounds and interactivity to make a website more dynamic and eye-catching.
  • Forum / Discussion Board
    A place to allow visitors to write & post messages for others to read & reply.
  • FTP - File Transfer Protocol
    Transfering files from one computer/server to another
  • GIF - Graphic Interchange Format
    Popular image compression format.
  • HTML - HyperText Markup Language
    HTML instructs web browsers (such as Internet Explorer or Firefox), how to display text, links, graphics & media.
  • JavaScript / JS
    JavaScript is a programming language that can be used to add dynamic features to websites.
  • JPEG, JPG - Joint Photographic Experts Group Popular image compression format.
  • Metatags - Information About
    Search Engines use metatags to help categorise websites in regards to keyword searching. Metatags have limited influence on search engine ranking.
  • My_SQL - Open Source Structured Query Language is a popular database system used to store data, which can then be displayed on web-pages.
  • PHP: Hypertext PreProcessor
    Popular server-side scripting language integrated with HTML. Can be used for contact forms, dynamic news feeds, galleries and can be used with My_SQL.
  • RGB - Red, Green, Blue
    All images used online must be in RGB.
  • RSS - Really Simple Syndication
    Allows websites to display RSS news feeds from other sites that publish them (such as blogs).
  • Screen Resolution
    A screens resolution refers to how many pixels your monitor is setup to show. The most popular web-user resolution is 1024x768 and it's important websites are designed with this in mind.
  • SEO - Search Engine Optimisation
    The process of making a website rank higher in a search engine (Google, Yahoo) for specific keywords, thus increasing your sites traffic.
  • Sitemap
    A sitemap provides search engines and visitors a hierarchy of content within the whole site, to aid navigation.
  • W3C - World Wide Web Consortium
    Provides specifications, guides & tools to ensure your website meets cross-browser compatibility. More at www.w3c.org.
  • XHTML - Extensible HyperText Markup Language is the successor to HTML as the W3C standard language. All Live-Media web projects conform to XHTML 1.0 Transitional standard, where possible.
  • XML - Extensible Markup Language
    Allows users to define your own markup. Once XML has defined data/ information, HTML can then display it.

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Print Design Glossary

  • Bleed - 3mm Bleed
    Most print projects require around 3mm's of bleed around the edge of a project. The term bleed is in regards to extra colour that streches beyond the projects dimensions. This will sometimes require the project to be printed on larger paper and then later trimmed manually.
  • CMYK - Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black
    A popular colour format for print media.
  • DPI - Dots Per Inch
    The printing output resolution is measured in DPI and 300dpi is the accepted level for colour print or glossy. 200dpi can be acceptable for greyscale or matte print.
  • EPS - Encapsulated PostScript
  • Glossy - Coated Print Media
    Unlike matte paper, glossy coated paper produces a more professional finish with it's shine and is a the optimal format for media with photographs.
  • Greyscale - Black & White
    Greyscale is the gradient of white to black. Printing in greyscale is cheaper then full colour but only allows white, black & shades of grey in your printing.
  • Hi-Res - High Resolution
    The higher the resolution, the better quality print reproduction (not taking into account any printing limitations). See DPI.
  • PDF (Acrobat)
    Popular hi-res, cross-platform file format used to exchange projects in one compact file.
  • Spot Colours
  • TIFF / TIF - Tagged Image File Format
    Popular Hi-Res Digital image file format.
  • Typeface & Font
    While each term is used interchangeably, Typeface relates to the design of a printed character (such as Arial or Vedana) and Font relates to that Typefaces status (if it's Bold or italic and also its size).

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Multi-Media Glossary

  • AVI -
  • CD-ROM - Compact Disk Read Only Memory
  • DVD - Digital Versatile Disc
  • Flash - Animated Vector/Video Files
    Created by Macromedia, Flash elements inside a webpage can add animations, sounds and interactivity to make a website more dynamic and eye-catching.
  • MPEG
  • Rendering
    The process of converting a digital video project into it's final output form i.e MPEG2.

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